Business Photographic chemicals and materials make up the largest product segment for this industry. This segment includes sensitized film, paper, cloth and plates, toners (for photocopiers, laser printers and similar electrostatic printing devices), toner cartridges and photographic chemicals. During the past five years, demand for this segments products has gradually declined. Demand for sensitized paper and film has been falling as many consumers switch from film cameras to digital cameras. In addition, many corporations reduced their office supply purchases during the recession, lowering the amount of photocopy supplies bought. Custom .pounding of purchased plastics resins involves buying plastic from plastic manufacturers and then altering the resins to form new .pounds. Industry .panies manipulate the resins to increase flexibility, stress resistance and flame resistance to meet customer needs. The manufacturing industry is the primary buyer of these modified resins, with automotive, appliance and power tool manufacturers being the largest purchasers. Over the past five years, demand for this product segment has fluctuated in line with the fortunes of the greater economy. Chemical Engineering Assignment during the recession, when consumer spending was low and credit markets were struggling, many manufacturers reduced their production levels and reduced purchases of .pounded resins. In 2010, however, consumer spending returned and .panies increased their manufacturing output and re-established demand for these resins. This product segment generates about 22.0% of industry revenue. The third product segment includes all other miscellaneous chemicals produced in the industry. This segment includes a broad scope of products, including fire extinguisher chemical preparations, synthetic brake fluid, clove oil (used for toothaches), swimming pool chemicals and cat litter. Many of these products are nondiscretionary and provide a continuous revenue stream. For example, because fire extinguishers are required in most buildings, fire extinguisher chemicals enjoy constant demand. Industry products like swimming pool chemicals, however, have more volatile demand. During times of high disposable in.e, the demand for swimming pool chemicals generally increases. Over the past five years, this segment has fluctuated slightly because nondiscretionary chemicals generated fewer sales during the recession. Intermediate products make up the majority of industry production activity, with output directed to other industries for use as raw materials in the production of final downstream products. This characteristic is particularly true in the .pound resin product segment, with its output used in the production of a wide variety of products, including consumer products, automotive .ponents and various durable and nondurable goods. In general, the demand for industry products is related to the level of activity in the manufacturing sector and other end-user industries like construction, which causes demand to fluctuate in line with cyclical forces. Technological advancements within the industry can also influence demand. For example, technological advancements within the resins segment may result in manufacturers shifting to new advanced resins that offer lower cost performance, have easier processing abilities and meet recycling requirements. Also, the transition from analogy to digital imaging has adversely affected sensitized photographic film products. Similarly, environmental pressures can influence the level of demand. For example, producers of recycled resins are benefiting from the trends toward recycling. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: